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Python Tutorial - Python Programming Language

Python Tutorial: Python Language is currently the fastest-growing programming language in the world. Its capabilities to cater to multiple scenarios makes it highly popular among developers. It is a high level interpreted language.

Python 3 is the latest released version of this interactive and object-oriented language. One of the reasons for its popularity is its simple syntax. It is one of the simplest programming languages which is very easy to write just like SQL. Programmers who are beginners will find it very easy to code in Python rather than any other language.

This Python tutorial in Coderepublics will guide you through the various fundamentals of Python language and later on the advance part. Let's see some history of how Python developed over the years.


History

According to Wikipedia, the creator of python language Mr. Guido Van Rossum implemented Python as a successor to ABC Language. It was first implemented on the Amoeba Operating System.

In 1991, Van Rossum published the code of Python(0.9.0), with features like classes with inheritance, exception handling, functions, etc. At this time, Python was using a module based on the Modula-3 programming language. Later on, in 1994, the first Python forum was formed comp.lang.python which enhanced the growth and popularity of Python programming language.

Major versions of Python language

  1. Python 1.0 (1994) : Functional programming tools like, map(), lambda, filter(), etc were added.
  2. Python 1.4 (1996) : Keyword Arguments, Support for complex numbers were added.
  3. Python 2.0 (2000) : Garbage collection, Syntax was improved, List Comprehensions were added.
  4. Python 3.0 (2008) : An improved version of all the previous ones, focused on reducing duplicate modules and constructs. It is the current version being used

Python 3 is not very much compatible with Python 2 programs. The old programs need to be modified to run on Python 3. Major changes includes, changing print statement to print() function, renaming of raw_input() to input().


Python is the future

Python has everything which a modern programming language should could have. It is a high-level, object oriented, scripting language. Its feature of being a High-level language makes it very easy to understand because High-level languages frequently use English words. Python is a high-level, interpreted, interactive, and object-oriented scripting language.

Why Python language is so popular?

  1. Python works on multiple platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux, etc.
  2. Python use indentations rather than braces which simplifies the syntax of the program.
  3. Python's simplified syntax uses fewer lines than other programming languages, which results in saving memory.
  4. Python is a line by line interpreted language which speeds up the prototyping process of programs..
  5. Python can be used for Web development, Game Development, Software development, Machine learning, etc.

Applications of Python language

  • Python is used to create web applications by using frameworks like Django, Flask, etc.
  • It is also used to create automated workflows for software.
  • Python can be used with databases and can efficiently manage it.
  • Prototyping is much easier in Python than in any other language.
  • Python is used in Data Science and Machine Learning.

Python Advantages

Let's see a complete list of Advantages of Python over other languages.

Advantage Describe
Simple Syntax The Simple syntax of Python makes its code readable and easy to understand.
Interpreted, not Compiled The line by line interpretation results in fast execution of code and easy debugging.
Cross-platform Python's ability to run on different platforms enhances its capability to cater to a wider group of developers.
Framework support Python's frameworks like Django and Flask provide pre-built functions for the rapid development of the application.
GUI Programming Python can be used to develop GUI's with the help of its modules like pyQt5, wxPython, etc.
Database All the major databases like MySQL, Oracle, Informix, PostgreSQL, etc. are supported by Python.

Now, we have given you an introduction to Python programming language. It is sufficient for you to understand the various aspects of using Python. Click on next to continue and Python Tutorial.




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