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JavaScript If Statements

The If statement as we all know tests a condition and then according to the result, like it is true or false, a particular block of code is performed. Same as that, the JavaScript if statement is used to execute a specific block of code with the given conditions. Only if the condition evaluates to true then the defined block of code is executed otherwise not.

There are three forms of if statement in JavaScript.

  1. If Statement
  2. If Else Statement
  3. If Else if Statement

JavaScript If Statement

The if statement tests a specified condition and then if the condition evaluates to true then the block of code defined in the if statement gets executed otherwise the block is skipped.

Syntax:

if (condition)
{
//code to be executed if condition is true;
}


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title> JavaScript If Statement </title>
</head>
<body>
<script>
var x = 100;
if(x > 10){
document.write("Value of x is greater than 10");
}
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output

JavaScript If Statement

JavaScript If Else Statement

In the previous statement there was no block of code defined for the false evaluation of the condition, which is defined here in else statement. The if....else statement also tests a condition but here the else statement is present. The if block's code gets executed if the given condition is true otherwise if the condition is false then the else block's code gets executed.

Syntax:

if (condition)
{
//code to be executed if condition is true;
}
else {
//code to be executed if condition is false;
}


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title> JavaScript If Else Statement </title>
</head>
<body>
<script>
var a=20;
if(a%2==0){
document.write("Even number");
}
else{
document.write("Odd number");
}
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output

JavaScript If Else Statement Examples

JavaScript If... Elseif Statement

JavaScript if...elseif statement tests multiple conditions and executes different blocks of code for more than two conditions. First, a condition specified in if statement is tested, then if that evaluates to false, then only the elseif's statement is tested. And if else statement is defined and both the previous condition evaluates to false then only the else statement gets executed.

Syntax:

if (condition)
{
//code to be executed if condition is true;
}
elseif (condition) {
//code to be executed if condition is true;
} else {
//code to be executed if all conditions are false;
}


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title> JavaScript If Else If Statement </title>
</head>
<body>
<script>
var a=15;
if(a==10){
document.write("Number is equal to 10");
}
else if(a==15){
document.write("Number is equal to 15");
}
else if(a==20){
document.write("Number is equal to 20");
}
else{
document.write("Number is not equal to 10, 15 or 20");
}
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output

JavaScript If Else If Statement









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